Racial and ethnic disparities in emergency department restraint use: A multicenter retrospective analysis

National Library of Medicine

2021 Sep;28(9):957-965.
doi: 10.1111/acem.14327.

Background: Research regarding disparities in physical restraint use in the emergency department (ED) is limited. We evaluated the role of race, ethnicity, and preferred language on the application of physical restraint among ED patients held under a Massachusetts section 12(a) order for mandatory psychiatric evaluation.